A grievance mechanism is a non-judicial procedure that offers a formalised means by which individuals or groups can raise concerns about the impact an enterprise has on them – including, but not exclusively, on their human rights – and seek remedy. These mechanisms may use adjudicative, dialogue-based or other processes that are culturally appropriate and rights-compatible. According to the United Nations, for a grievance mechanism to be effective it should be legitimate, accessible, predictable, equitable, transparent, rights-compatible, and a source of continuous learning. [Source: Huijstee et al., 2012. How to use the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights in company research and advocacy]

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